Academic training and clinical placement problems to achieve nursing competency

SHARGHI, NARJES RAHMATI and ALAMI, ALI and KHOSRAVAN, SHAHLA and MANSOORIAN, MOHAMMAD REZA and EKRAMI, ALI (2015) Academic training and clinical placement problems to achieve nursing competency. Journal of advances in medical education & professionalism, 3 (1). p. 15.

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Abstract

Introduction: High quality of care is one of the requirements of nursing which depends on the nursing competency. In this connection, the aim of this research was to determine the problems related to the academic training (nursing’ educational program) and clinical practice to achieve competency from the viewpoint of nurses, faculty members, and nursing students. Methods: The study was an analytical cross-sectional one. The sample consisted of the academic staff, the third and the fourth year nursing students and nurses in practice. The instrument of the study was a two-part researcher-made questionnaire with 22 questions in the theoretical- clinical realm to assess problems related to the theoretical and clinical teaching in nursing, and 23 questions to assess the clinical functions. The questionnaire was validated in terms of both face and content validity. Its reliability, using Cronbach’s Alpha coefficient, was 0.72 in the theoretical-clinical and 0.73 in the clinical realm. Both descriptive and analytical statistics were used to analyze the data, using SPSS software. Results: The results of this study indicated that from the participants’ viewpoints, the most important problems in the academic education for nurses to acquire competency were as follows: lack of academic research during the clinical period (88.9%), no application of theoretical aspects of the nursing process in practice (85.6%), insufficient knowledgeable and professional educators (81.1%), the use of traditional routine-oriented methods on the wards (75.6%); also insufficient time for performance based on knowledge in relation to the nurse’s workload (86.5%), weakness and usefulness of scientific function encouragement systems in clinic (85.2%), and learnt theoretical subjects not coming into practice in clinical fields after graduation (75.6%). Conclusion: Efforts to reduce the gap between the theoretical and practical (clinical function) knowledge in educational and work environment are required to improve the training of qualified nurses.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@gmu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 11 Mar 2017 07:45
Last Modified: 11 Mar 2017 07:45
URI: http://eprints.gmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/108

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