The effect of local heat therapy on pain and cardiovascular function in patients with acute coronary syndrome

mohammadiyan, batol The effect of local heat therapy on pain and cardiovascular function in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Other. gonabad university of medical sciences.

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Abstract

Aims: Acute coronary syndrome is a common cardiovascular disease. In patients with this disease, symptom management is performed both pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically. A non-pharmacologic symptom management intervention is chest local heat therapy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chest local heat therapy on pain and cardiovascular function in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Methods: In this randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial we randomly allocated 66 patients with acute coronary syndrome to either the placebo or the experimental groups. Patients in the experimental and control groups received chest local heat therapy by using a hot pack warmed to 50°C and 37°C, respectively. Local heat therapy was administered for four 23-minute sessions in two subsequent days. The levels of patients’ heart rate, respiratory rate, arterial blood pressure and blood oxygen saturation, chest pain intensity, duration, and frequency as well as the need for opioid analgesic therapy were measured both before and after the study. The study instrument consisted of a demographic questionnaire, the McGill Pain Questionnaire and a data sheet for recording physiologic parameters and pain. Study data were analyzed by using spss software. P values less than 0.05 was considered significant. Findings: Pain intensity, duration, and frequency, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and respiratory rate in the experimental group decreased significantly after the study (p<0.05). oxygen saturation in the experimental group increased significantly after the study (p<0.05). Conclusion: The study findings confirmed the effectiveness of local heat therapy in improving Chest pain and physiologic parameters in patients with acute coronary syndrome. Therefore, this method can be recommended as a complementary method in patients with Acute coronary syndrome. Keywords: Acute coronary syndrome, Chest pain, cardiovascular function, Local heat therapy

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@gmu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 04 Nov 2019 10:12
Last Modified: 04 Nov 2019 10:12
URI: http://eprints.gmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/1278

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