Sick Building Syndrome and its Relationship with Carbon Dioxide Levels in Students of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences

Feyzi Moghadam, Arezoo and Aghalari, Zahra Sick Building Syndrome and its Relationship with Carbon Dioxide Levels in Students of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. Other. Arezoo Feyzi Moghadam, Zahra Aghalari.

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Abstract

Abstract Background and Aim: Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a condition that causes health problems. Based on the World Health Organization, SBS symptoms include headache, inflammation of the eyes, nose and throat, skin inflammation, coughing, dizziness, nausea, and fatigue. Carbon dioxide is one of the environmental factors that cause the symptoms of SBS. The aim of this study was to determine the symptoms of SBS in students and its relation with carbon dioxide concentration in classes of Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in spring 2018 in Gonabad University of Medical Sciences. The sample size was 230 students. The selection of classes and students was done randomly. Data were collected on the symptoms of the SBS with MM040EA standard questionnaire. Carbon dioxide was measured using a CO2 Meter, temperature, relative humidity and air velocity were measured using an anomometer. Chi-square, ANOVA and T-test were used to determine the relationship between the SBS and environmental factors and the significance level of data was considered 0.05. Results: Among 12 signs of the SBS, the most common symptoms were fatigue (63%) and concentration problems (62.2%). The highest number of students (85.2%) complained of the noise as the risk factor of the harassing factor. Chi-square test showed a significant correlation between the warm weather (p = 0.01) and cold weather (p = 0.02) with the symptoms of the SBS. Measurement of environmental parameters in the classes of paramedical, health and nursing schools showed that the average concentration of carbon dioxide (882.8 ± 520.05), temperature (24.67 ± 1.14) and humidity (34.06 ± 3.89). The t-test showed that there was a significant relationship between the carbon dioxide and the symptoms of the SBS (p = 0.05). Conclusions: The present study showed that carbon dioxide was an effective factor on the symptoms of the SBS. Therefore, it is recommended to improve air quality in classrooms by using proper ventilation in buildings. Keywords: Carbon dioxide, SBS, Students.

Item Type: Monograph (Other)
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@gmu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2019 10:22
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2019 10:22
URI: http://eprints.gmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/1440

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