Comparison the effect of virtual reality and chewing mint gum on pain intensity, anxiety and satisfaction of childbirth experience

Ebrahimian, Atefeh (2019) Comparison the effect of virtual reality and chewing mint gum on pain intensity, anxiety and satisfaction of childbirth experience. Masters thesis, gonabad university of medical sciences.

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Abstract

Abstract Introduction: Delivery is a sensitive experience and a major crisis in the lives of most women because pain and anxiety are an inevitable part of the process that disrupts the development and unpleasant experience of childbirth. The use of effective non-pharmacological methods to control pain and anxiety along with satisfaction is one of the most important goals of health care. The aim of this study was to compare the effec of virtual reality and chewing gum on the severity of pain, anxiety and mothers' satisfaction with delivery experience. Methods: This clinical trial study was performed on 96 women with first and second pregnancy and gestational age of 42-37 weeks who referred to Allameh Bohlool Hospitals and Sajadieh Torbat-e-Jam Hospital in Sanandaj in 1398-1397 who were eligible to enter the study. Women were randomly divided into three groups of chewing gum(32people), virtual reality(32people), and control group(32people) using six permuted blocks method. In the cheving gum group, one gram of mint orbital gum was given to the Samples and they were asked to chew for 20 minutes. In the virtual reality group, virtual reality glasses with landscapes of nature were placed on the eyes of the Samples for 20 minutes. Chewing gum and virtual reality interventions were performed twice in 4-5cm and 7-8cm dilation for 20 minutes in each group. There was no intervention in control group and only questionnaires were completed. The research instruments included visual analogue of pain, Spielberger's Anxiety Inventory scale, and McKay's childbirth Satisfaction Scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS software (version 22) using Chi-square, ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis, Tukey and covariance tests and a significance level of p<0/05 was considered. Results: Before intervention, Pain and anxiety scores of the Samples were not significantly different between three groups (p <0.05), but after interventions, pain, anxiety and satisfaction scores were significantly different in the three groups. Virtual reality and chewing gum group showed no significant difference (p <0.05), but compared to control group, pain scores (p <0.046), anxiety scores (p <0.001) and satisfaction scores (p = 0.000), they were significantly different. Conclusion: This study showed that chewing gum can reduce the pain and anxiety of the first stage of labor, and increase mothers' satisfaction. Using virtual reality without complications can also increase mothers' satisfaction with the delivery experience and reduce pain and anxiety during childbirth. Therefore, chewing gum and virtual reality in bed can be used to promote natural childbirth and improve midwifery services with the aim of maternal satisfaction as a way to reduce pain and anxiety. Keywords: labor pain, satisfaction, labor, anxiety, virtual reality, Mint gum

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@gmu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2019 10:58
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2019 10:58
URI: http://eprints.gmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/1512

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