Structural challenges of providing palliative care for patients with breast cancer

Khoshnazar, Tahereh Alsadat Khoubbin and Rassouli, Maryam and Akbari, Mohammad Esmaeil and Lotfi-Kashani, Farah and Momenzadeh, Syrus and Haghighat, Shahpar and Sajjadi, Moosa (2016) Structural challenges of providing palliative care for patients with breast cancer. Indian Journal of Palliative Care, 22 (4). p. 459.

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Introduction: To establish a palliative care system (PCS) in Iran, it is necessary to identify the potential barriers. Aim: This study aims to highlight the views of stakeholders to know the challenges of providing palliative care for women with breast cancer. Materials and Methods: Semi-structured in-depth interviews are used with purposeful sampling conducted in Tehran, Iran; from January to June 2015. Twenty participants were included in the study: nine patients with breast cancer and ten health-care providers. The interviews were analyzed using qualitative directed content analysis based on Donabedian model. Data credibility was examined using the criteria of Lincoln and Guba. Results: Based on the pattern of Avedis Donabedian model, two main categories were identified: (1) palliative care services in the health system still remain undefined and (2) lack of adequate care providers. The subcategories emerged from the main categories are: (1) Inexistent home care, (2) specialized palliative care being in high demand, lack of: (a) Rehabilitation program and guidelines, (b) treatment/training protocols, (c) inefficient insurance and out-of-pocket costs, (d) patient referral system, (e) nontransparency of job description, and (f) weakness of teamwork. Discussion: The findings of the study identify views and perceptions of patients as well as the health professionals around the challenges of providing palliative care. To establish a structured PCS, we need to meet the challenges and remove perceived barriers to, including but not limited to, building up knowledge and awareness of health professionals, educating professional, and developing updated, well-defined, and standard treatment protocols, tailored to local conditions. Key words: Breast cancer, Iran, Palliative care, Qualitative research

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RT Nursing
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2016 04:49
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2016 04:49

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