Adolescents' self-esteem in single and two-parent families.

Alami, Ali and Khosravan, Shahla and Sadegh Moghadam, Leila and Pakravan, Fateme and Hosseni, Fateme (2014) Adolescents' self-esteem in single and two-parent families. International journal of community based nursing and midwifery, 2 (2). pp. 69-76. ISSN 2322-2476

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Abstract

BACKGROUND Self-esteem is one of the basic needs for all individuals especially in adolescence. The aim of this study was to determine associations between adolescents' self-esteem and perceived maternal parenting styles as well as its dimensions in terms of family type. METHODS In this analytic cross-sectional study, 356 high school students (250 two-parent nuclear family and 106 single-parent family) participated and filled out the Coppersmith self-esteem and the Robinson and colleagues (2001) perceived parenting styles questionnaires. Data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 18. To assess the relationship between participants' self-esteem and parenting styles and dimensions, Mantel-Haenszel Chi-square test was used to adjust the effect of potential confounder variables. P≤0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS From a total of 370 questionnaires, 356 questionnaires were completed. The mean±SD of the participants' self-esteem score was 38.49±6.55. Mean±SD of self-esteem score among the two-parent and single-parent students was 39.06±6.36 and 37.42±7.28, respectively (P=0.034). Dominant parenting style in both families was authoritative style. There were significant associations between the respondents' self-esteem and their perceived parenting styles, after matching sex, family income, level of education, and parents job (P<0.005). CONCLUSION The results of this research can be used in educational interventions to modify the dimensions of parenting styles and improve self-esteem. Therefore, considering the relationship between child-rearing style and adolescent self-esteem, assessing other relating factors with adolescent self-esteem especially in single-parent family, such as father absence stigma, is suggested.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email eprints@gmu.ac.ir
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 10:33
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2017 10:33
URI: http://eprints.gmu.ac.ir/id/eprint/72

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